What Are The Subjects In B Tech Software Engineering In India?

What Are The Subjects In B Tech Software Engineering In India?
What Are The Subjects In B Tech Software Engineering In India?


B Tech software engineering is a four-year undergraduate course that deals with coding, data structures, computational processes, etc. It is a great choice for students who love to code and make their software products.

B Tech software engineering is one of the most demanding jobs in the computer and IT world. So if you love coding, gear up and let me take you through various admission procedures and also the subjects in software engineering during your four years in college.

Admission Process

A student must pass 12th to get admission in Btech Software Engineering. There are many ways to get into Btech software engineering. One way is to write a national-level entrance exam to get into top Computer Science colleges like IIT.

Other than national level entrance, there are many state-level entrance exams to promote engineering aspiring students to join good colleges in the state.

Some of the popular National Level Entrance Exams are:

Syllabus and Subjects

Fundamentals of Computer Programming

This is the core subject in the first year of B Tech Software Engineering. It covers all the basics to introduce you to the world of coding from data types to file systems etc. Everything related to programming concepts is covered. Here you develop your base and understanding in Software Engineering.

Once you familiarise yourself with any one of the programming languages you can easily learn other programming languages with ease as most of the programming languages have a similar way of coding, only there is a difference in the syntax.

Data Structures

Data Structures is one of the core subjects in Btech Software Engineering. Here you learn about organizing data in a particular way on a computer so that it can be used effectively. Applications of Data Structures are found in our day-to-day life.

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Some topics that you will study under Data Structures are:

  • Array
  • Linked List
  • Stack  
  • Queue
  • Binary Tree
  • Binary Search Tree
  • Heap Tree
  • Hashing
  • Graphs
  • Sorting Techniques like the Bubble sort, Quicksort, etc.
  • Computer Networks

In this core course, the fundamentals of networking are covered. It teaches us how the Web World works, how data is shared between various computers and many more. In this course, you will get a deep understanding of what the internet is and how it has evolved over the years.

Some topics that will be covered under this topic are:

  • Network application, hardware, and software.
  • A Theoretical basis for communication.
  • Wireless transmission
  • Public switched telephone networks
  • Internet transport layer protocols
  • World Wide Web(www) etc.

Object-Oriented Programming (OOP)

This is a type of programming paradigm that depends on the concept of objects and classes. Here the entire programming language is talked about in terms of classes and objects. This type of programming language is secure as it is protected through encapsulation.

Here you will learn about many object-oriented concepts like Classes, Objects, Polymorphism, Inheritance, Encapsulation, and Abstraction.

Some OOP languages are Java, Python, C++, Perl, etc.

Design and Analysis of Algorithms

This core subject in Btech Software Engineering deals with the ability of the individual to analyze a problem and design various and effective algorithms to solve that particular problem. The individual should have good knowledge of math. Here you study how to design an algorithm for an effective solution to a problem.

Some topics covered under this subject are:

  • Algorithm control structure
  • Master method
  • Recursion Tree method
  • Asymptotic Analysis
  • Different Sorting methods etc.
  • Computer Architecture and Organisation

Being one of the core subjects in Btech Software Engineering, it deals with what happens inside the computer system, how different logic gates are used to perform multiplication, addition, etc.

This subject explains in detail how the CPU works, how data is stored in memory, how it is transferred from one location to another etc. In general, it tells you about how different things are arranged on the computer and it is organised.

Some topics covered are:

  • Basic Structures of Computer
  • Register Transfer Logic
  • Processor Transfer Logic
  • Arithmetic Algorithms and Pipelining
  • Control Logic Devices

Discrete Mathematics

This is the language of Computer Science. One has to be fluent in this to be able to understand and code different areas of machine learning, data science, and software engineering. This subject is taught within the first two years of the B Tech Software Engineering Course.

Topics covered under it are:

  • Sets, Relations, and Functions
  • Graph Theory
  • Probability
  • Mathematical Induction and Recurrence Relation

Database Management Systems

Database Management System deals with how different types of data are stored in a database system. Being a core subject in BTech software engineering, it deals with how data can be retrieved, inserted, and deleted. It explains how data is stored in the form of tables for effective insertion-deletion-retrieval operations.

Some topics covered under this are:

  • ER Model
  • Relational Model
  • SQL
  • DML
  • Physical Data Organisation
  • Normalisation

Operating Systems

Operating System is one of the core subjects in B Tech software engineering, it deals with how the computer operates. How a particular task is selected in a computer, how different tasks are given priorities. You will study different process scheduling algorithms and different solutions for shared memory problems in the operating system.

Some topics covered are:

  • Concepts of OS
  •  Processes and Process Scheduling
  • Process Synchronisation and DeadLocks
  • Memory Management

Theory of Computation

Core subject in software engineering that deals with the logic of computations, how effectively a problem can be solved on a model of computations using an algorithm, and to what degree it can be solved.

Some topics covered under this are:

  • Arithmetic circuits
  • Algorithms. The procedure, recursion etc
  • Finite-state automaton. Mealy machine. Minsky register machine etc
  • Pushdown automaton. Context-free grammar
  • Büchi automaton etc

Switching Theory and Logical Design

This is the base subject for Computer Architecture and Design in Btech Software Engineering. This subject deals with the different gates used to implement the circuits, how the output from the circuits are simplified.

And how binary numbers are used to add decimal numbers in the computer system. Thorough knowledge of this subject is required to understand how different operations work.

Some topics covered under this are:

  • Number Systems
  • Addition, Subtraction, and conversion of Number Systems
  • Logic Gates
  • Combinational Circuits
  • Sequential Circuits
  • Programmable Logic Devices, etc.

Some other courses offered are as follows:

  • Web Intelligence and Algorithms
  • Machine Learning
  • Cyber Security
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Artificial Neural Network
  • Natural Language Processing
  • Compiler Design
  • Microprocessors and Microcontrollers

These courses are chosen usually as honours courses in many colleges. 

Apart from these subjects, Tech software engineers should pass the lab and viva exam conducted in the college and also do projects in their final year of graduation.

Frequently Asked Questions

What should I do after 12th in software engineering?

After 12th, if you want to pursue your studies in software engineering you can attempt the All India Engineering Entrance Exam (AIEEE), JEE etc and also the entrance exams conducted in your state and try to get into reputed colleges to pursue software engineering.

Is B Tech good for software engineering?

Yes, B Tech is good for software engineering. It covers everything that a programmer needs to know from the basics of programming to the structures of a computer and how something is implemented in a computer etc.

Is it hard to be a software engineer?

Yes, it is not quite an easy task, you need to work hard and practise a lot. Learning coding and other latest technologies are some tasks that you will have to do. Consistency and dedication will make the task a lot easier for you.

Which type of BSc is best?

This question depends on your interest in a subject. You will have to identify what topics excite you. In my opinion, BSc in Computer Science is a good choice considering the demand for software engineers and also the rapidly expanding IT industry.

Key Takeaways

After 12th if you want to be a software engineer it is good to study a professional course as it will give you a good job opportunity in the market. B Tech software engineering covers major subjects like OS, OOP, DBMS etc which are crucial in understanding the science of computers. Btech may seem tough, but all you need to do is to give a little effort and time.