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Next Permutation

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Contributed by
Ashwani
Medium
yellow-spark
0/80
15 mins
85 %
335 upvotes
OYOInfosysWells Fargo
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Problem Statement

You have been given a permutation of ‘N’ integers. A sequence of ‘N’ integers is called a permutation if it contains all integers from 1 to ‘N’ exactly once. Your task is to rearrange the numbers and generate the lexicographically next greater permutation.

To determine which of the two permutations is lexicographically smaller, we compare their first elements of both permutations. If they are equal — compare the second, and so on. If we have two permutations X and Y, then X is lexicographically smaller if X[i] < Y[i], where ‘i’ is the first index in which the permutations X and Y differ.

For example, [2, 1, 3, 4] is lexicographically smaller than [2, 1, 4, 3].

Detailed explanation ( Input/output format, Notes, Images )
Constraints:
1 <= T <= 50
1 <= N <= 10000
1 <= P[i] <= N

Time limit: 1 sec
Sample Input 1:
2
3
1 2 3
5
2 3 1 4 5
Sample Output 1:
1 3 2
2 3 1 5 4
Explanation of sample input 1:
In the first test case, the lexicographically next greater permutation is [1, 3, 2].

In the second test case, the lexicographically next greater permutation is [2, 3, 1, 4, 5].
Sample Input 2:
2
2
1 2
3
3 1 2
Sample Output 2:
2 1
3 2 1
Explanation for sample input 2:
In the first test case, the lexicographically next greater permutation is [2, 1].

In the second test case, the lexicographically next greater permutation is [3, 2, 1].
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