Clojure and Erlang are programming languages that are used for Web Development. In this article, we are going to briefly take a look at both Clojure and Erlang as well as their advantages and limitations. We will also discuss Clojure vs Erlang to get a better insight.
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What is Clojure
Clojure is an interactive dynamic, general-purpose language used in scripting and development. It is strong and provides efficient ways to support multithreading.
Clojure is a compiled language. It supports all its functionalities during runtime and makes it truly dynamic. Due to its dynamic nature, it is easy to access in Java Frameworks with optional type hints and type interfaces.
Clojure is a functional programming language. It has persistent and unchangeable data structures. It also offers a reactive agent system and software transactional memory when a mutable state is required to make clean and correct multithreaded designs.
Advantages of Clojure
- Clojure is a High-Level dynamic Language. It is based on a programming language called LISP(List Processing). The dynamic nature of the language allows it to run on a runtime environment of .Net and Java.
- LISP is a tiny programming language providing powerful elements. Due to this, the coding in it is smaller.
- It consists of unchangeable data structures, and thus objects created can not be changed.
- Clojure manages the state of an application for the programmer.
- Clojure supports concurrency. Eclipse Plugins and Leningen both have support for this language.
Limitations of Clojure
- The primitives in Clojure are based on Java primitives. This leads to performance overhead during run time when the Java primitives have to be wrapped.
- Exception handling in Clojure has to be done using Java Libraries. We must handle the exception in production-ready conditions to avoid the stack trace.
- The compiler throws a Java stack error. Clojure is an interpreted language built over another runtime. It is hard to determine whether the error is due to a problem in Clojure or Java.
- Clojure has a complex set of rules and therefore is hard to learn.
- Clojure does not have a mainstream editor. It only has a prototype of an editor based on RPEL. It is called Light Table. The Light Table has a small ecosystem of plugins and can be used to cover large projects only.
- Paraedit supplies an ideal experience for LISP programming. It is hard to structure the code unless it is written on Paraedit.
- Closure does not support static and explicit typing. This makes prototyping tough and also slower.
- Few users utilize Clojure; thus, very few libraries and frameworks are available for everyday tasks.
We will comprehensively discuss the similarities and differences between Clojure and Erlang in the Clojure vs Erlang section.