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LCA of three Nodes
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Sum Of Infinite Array
35 mins
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Sum Of Infinite Array

Difficulty: MEDIUM
Contributed By
Avg. time to solve
35 min
Success Rate

Problem Statement

Given an array “A” of N integers and you have also defined the new array “B” as a concatenation of array “A” for an infinite number of times.

For example, if the given array “A” is [1,2,3] then, infinite array “B” is [1,2,3,1,2,3,1,2,3,.......].

Now you are given Q queries, each query consists of two integers “L“ and “R”(1-based indexing). Your task is to find the sum of the subarray from index “L” to “R” (both inclusive) in the infinite array “B” for each query.

Note :

The value of the sum can be very large, return the answer as modulus 10^9+7.
Input format :
The first line of input contains a single integer T, representing the number of test cases or queries to be run.

Then the T test cases follow. 

The first line of each test case contains a single integer N, denoting the size of the array “A”.

The second line of each test case contains N single space-separated integers, elements of the array “A”.

The third line of each test case contains a single integer Q, denoting the number of queries.

Then each of the Q lines of each test case contains two single space-separated integers L, and R denoting the left and the  right index of the infinite array “B” whose sum is to be returned. 
Output format :
For each test case, print Q space-separated integers that denote the answers of the given Q queries. 
Print the answer to each test case in a separate line.

Note :

You do not need to print anything, it has already been taken care of. Just implement the given function.
Constraints :
1 <= T <= 100
1 <= N <= 10^4   
1 <= A[i] <= 10^9
1 <= Q <= 10^4
1 <= L <= R <= 10^18

Time Limit: 1sec
Sample Input 1 :
1 2 3
1 3
1 5
Sample Output 1 :
6 9
Explanation to Sample Input 1 :
For the first test case, the given array A is [1,2,3] therefore the infinite array “B” will be [1,2,3,1,2,3,1,2,3,.......]. So the answer for the given first query is 6 because the sum of the subarray from index 1 to 3 of infinite array “B” i.e. (B[1]+B[2]+B[3]) is 6.

For the given second query is 9 because the sum of the subarray from index 1 to 5 of array “B” .ie (B[1]+B[2]+B[3]+B[4]+B[5]) is 9.
Sample Input 2 :
5 2 6 9
1 5
10 13
7 11
Sample Output 2 :
27 22 28
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