5

Subarray with equal occurrences

Difficulty: MEDIUM
Contributed By
Dhruv Sharma
Avg. time to solve
15 min
Success Rate
80%

Problem Statement

You have been given an array/list ARR of length N consisting of 0s and 1s only. Your task is to find the number of subarrays(non-empty) in which the number of 0s and 1s are equal.

Input Format:
The first line contains an integer 'T' denoting the number of test cases. Then each test case follows.

The first line of each test case contains a positive integer ‘N’ which represents the length of the array/list.

The second line of each test case contains ‘N’ single space-separated integers representing the elements of the array/list.
Output Format:
For each test case, the only line of output will print the number of subarrays in which the number of 0s and 1s are equal. 

Print the output of each test case in a separate line.

Note:

You are not required to print the expected output; it has already been taken care of. Just implement the function.
Constraints:
1 <= T <= 100
1 <= N <= 5 * 10^3
0 <= ARR[i] <= 1

Time limit: 1 sec
Sample Input 1:
2
7
1 0 0 1 0 1 1 
5
0 0 0 0 0
Sample output 1:
8
0
Explanation of Sample output 1:
For the first test case, there are such 8 subarrays with index range [0, 1], [2, 3], [0, 3], [3, 4], [4, 5], [2, 5], [0, 5], [1, 6].

For the second test case, there is no such subarray.
Sample Input 2:
2
5
1 1 1 0 1
6
1 1 1 1 1 1
Sample output 2:
2
0
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