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Find The Sum Of The Left Leaves

Posted: 29 Mar, 2021
Difficulty: Moderate

PROBLEM STATEMENT

Try Problem

Given a binary tree with ‘root’. Your task is to find the sum of all the left leaf nodes.

Properties of leaf:-

In a binary tree, a leaf is a node such that it does not have any children. Node ‘1’ is always the root of the binary tree. Left leaves are those nodes that are the left child of their parent and a leaf node.

Example:
Let’s say you have a binary tree as follows:-

subsequence

Node 4 and Node 5 are leaf nodes and left child of their parent. Node 6 is a leaf node but not the left child of its parent node 3. Therefore return ‘4+5= 9’ as the answer.

Note:
You do not need to print anything; it has already been taken care of. Just implement the function.
Input Format:
The first line of input contains an integer ‘t’ denoting the number of test cases.
The next ‘t’ lines represent the ‘t’ test cases.

The first line of input contains the elements of the tree in the level order form separated by a single space.
If any node does not have a left or right child, take -1 in its place. Refer to the example below.

Example:

Elements are in the level order form. The input consists of values of nodes separated by a single space in a single line. In case a node is null, we take -1 in its place.

For example, the input for the tree depicted in the below image would be :

subsequence

 1
 2 3
 4 -1 5 6
-1 7 -1 -1 -1 -1
-1 -1
Explanation :
Level 1 :
The root node of the tree is 1

Level 2 :
Left child of 1 = 2
Right child of 1 = 3

Level 3 :
Left child of 2 = 4
Right child of 2 = null (-1)
Left child of 3 = 5
Right child of 3 = 6

Level 4 :
Left child of 4 = null (-1)
Right child of 4 = 7
Left child of 5 = null (-1)
Right child of 5 = null (-1)
Left child of 6 = null (-1)
Right child of 6 = null (-1)

Level 5 :
Left child of 7 = null (-1)
Right child of 7 = null (-1)

The first not-null node (of the previous level) is treated as the parent of the first two nodes of the current level. The second not-null node (of the previous level) is treated as the parent node for the next two nodes of the current level and so on.

The input ends when all nodes at the last level are null (-1).
Note :
The above format was just to provide clarity on how the input is formed for a given tree. 

The sequence will be put together in a single line separated by a single space. Hence, for the above-depicted tree, the input will be given as:

1 2 3 4 -1 5 6 -1 7 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1
Output Format:
For each test case return the sum of left leaves. 
Constraints:
1 <= T <= 10
1 <= N <= 1000

Where ‘T’ is the number of test cases.‘N’ is the number of nodes in the binary tree.  

Time Limit: 1sec