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Execution Time

Last Updated: 21 Oct, 2020
Difficulty: Moderate


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This time we are executing a program containing ‘N’ functions on a single-threaded CPU. Each function has a unique ‘ID’ between 0 and (N-1) and each time it starts or ends, we write a log with the ID, whether it started or ended, and the TIMESTAMP.

You are given a 2D array of integers containing information about ‘L’ logs where ith column represents the ith log message. Each column contains 3 rows to describe the ith log where,

1st Row - represents the ID of the function.

2nd Row - represents whether the function has started or ended where 1 denotes the start and -1 denotes the end.

3rd Row - represents the TIMESTAMP of the log.

You are required to return an array where the value at the ith index represents the exclusive time for the function with ID ‘i’.


1. The exclusive time of a function is the sum of execution times for all calls of that function.

2. A function can be called multiple times, possibly recursively.

3. No two events will happen at the same time where an event denotes either a start or end of a function call. This basically means no two logs have the same timestamp. 

4. Each function has an end log for each start log. 

For Example:

Consider the following input
0 1 1 1 2 2 1 0
1 1 1 -1 1 -1 -1 -1
0 2 5 7 8 10 11 14


Thus, we return [5, 7, 3] as a process with ID 0 has taken 5 units of time and process with ID 1 has taken 7 units of time and process ID 2 has taken 3 units of time. A process’s exclusive time is the sum of exclusive times for all function calls in the program. As process Id 1 has called itself so exclusive time is the sum of exclusive times(5 + 2).
Input Format:
The first line of input contains a single integer ‘T’, representing the number of test cases or queries to be run. 
Then the T test cases follow.

The first line of each test case contains two single space-separated integers ‘N’ and ‘L’, representing the number of unique functions and number of logs respectively.

The second line of each test case contains ‘L’ single space-separated integers representing the function ID for each log.

The third line of each test case contains ‘L’ single space-separated integers(1 or -1), where 1 represent a function that has started execution and -1 represent a function that has ended the execution

The fourth line of each test case contains L single space-separated integers, representing the ‘TIMESTAMP.
Output Format:
For each test case, print 'N' single space-separated integers, representing the exclusive time of each function in a single line.

The output of each test case will be printed in a separate line.
You do not need to print anything, it has already been taken care of. Just implement the given function.
1 <= T <= 10
1 <= N <= 10 ^ 2
2 <= L <= 5 * (10 ^ 2) and L is even.
0 <= TIMESTAMP <= 10 ^ 9

Time Limit: 1 sec.

Approach 1

  • Create a stack of integers that will store the unfinished function, top element will store the current function which is in execution.
  • Push the first process ID into the stack.
  • Initialize the ‘TIME’ to the timestamp of the first function.
  • Create an array ‘ANS’ of ‘N’ size which will store the exclusive TIME of ith function at ith index.
  • Traverse the whole array,
    • Keep incrementing the exclusive TIME corresponding to the function on the top of the stack till the current timestamp equals the start/end timestamp corresponding to the next function.
    • If the next function starts, then push it into the stack.
    • Else, pop the front function ID.

Finally, return the ANS array.

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