# Count Distinct Element in Every K Size Window

Posted: 1 Dec, 2020
Difficulty: Easy

## PROBLEM STATEMENT

#### You are given an array ‘ARR’ of size ‘N’ and an integer ‘K’. Your task is to find the total number of distinct elements present in every ‘K’ sized window of the array. A ‘K’ sized window can also be viewed as a series of continuous ‘K’ elements present in the sequence.

##### Note:
``````1. The size of ‘ARR’ will always be greater than or equal to the ‘K’.
2. Here window refers to a subarray of ‘ARR’. Hence ‘K’ sized window means a subarray of size ‘K’.
3. You are not required to print the output explicitly. It has already been taken care of. Just implement the function and return an array of the count of all distinct elements in the ‘K’ size window.
``````

#### Example

``````Consider ARR = [ 1, 2, 1, 3, 4, 2, 3 ] and K = 3.
`````` ``````As per the given input, we have a sequence of numbers of length 7, and we need to find the number of distinct elements present in all the windows of size 3.

Window-1 has three elements { 1, 2, 1 } and only two elements { 1, 2 } are distinct because 1 is repeating two times.
Window-2 has three elements { 2, 1, 3 } and all three elements are distinct { 2, 1, 3 }.
Window-3 has three elements { 1, 3, 4 } and all three elements are distinct { 1, 3, 4 }.
Window-4 has three elements { 3, 4, 2 } and all three elements are distinct { 3, 4, 2 }.
Window-5 has three elements { 4, 2, 3 } and all three elements are distinct { 4, 2, 3 }.

Hence, the count of distinct elements in all K sized windows is { 2, 3, 3, 3, 3 }.
``````
##### Input format:
``````The first line of the input contains an integer, 'T,’ denoting the number of test cases.
The first line of each test case contains two space-separated integers, 'N' and ‘K’, denoting the number of elements in the array and the size of the window.
The second line of each test case contains 'N' space-separated integers denoting the elements of the array 'ARR'.
``````
##### Output Format:
``````For each test case, print an array that contains the number of distinct elements in all ‘K’ size windows, and the count of distinct elements must be from the left to the right window.

Print the output of each test case in a separate line.
``````
##### Constraints:
``````1 <= T <= 10
1 <= N <= 10 ^ 5
1 <= K <= N
1 <=ARR[i] <= 10 ^ 9

Where 'T' denotes the number of test cases, 'N' denotes the number of elements in the array, ‘K’ denotes the size of the window, and 'ARR[i]' denotes the 'i-th' element of the array 'ARR'.

Time limit: 1 second
`````` Approach 1

The basic idea of this approach is to check every window of size K and count the number of distinct elements in each window.

Our approach will be to maintain an array answer, which will store the count of the distinct elements in every window. We will traverse through each window and find the number of distinct elements in the current window.

1. For each element in the window, we will traverse through the window elements and check if the current number has already been included in the number of distinct elements of the current window.
2. In the end, insert the number of distinct elements in the current window in the array answer.

We will return the array answer.

Algorithm:

• Create an array answer, which will store the number of distinct elements in all windows.
• Iterate windowNumber from 0 to N - K.
• Set the variable count as 0, which will store the number of distinct elements in the current window.
• Iterate index from windowNumber to windowNumber + K - 1.
• Set the variable distinctElement as true. The variable distinctElement will store if the current element is distinct in the current window or not.
• Iterate pos from windowNumber to index - 1.
• Check if ARR[index] is equal to ARR[pos], then assign distinctElement as false and terminate the loop.
• Check if distinctElement is true.
• Increment count by 1.
• Insert count in the array answer.