Buses

Posted: 22 Nov, 2020
Difficulty: Moderate

PROBLEM STATEMENT

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You are given a vector of 'N' integers denoting the number of buses that can be boarded from the i-th position. The bus stops only at stops whose number is a multiple of the bus stop number from which the bus originates. You need to find the number of buses originating from each bus stop from 1 to 'N'.

For example:

If 'N' = 4 and the given vector is: [1 3 4 3].

1 bus can be boarded from the first bus stop which means that 1 bus originates from the first bus stop.

3 buses can be boarded from the second bus stop which means that (3 - 1 = 2) buses originate from the second bus stop. This is because the bus originating from the first stop will stop at the second stop as well.

4 buses can be boarded from the third bus stop which means that (4-1 = 3) buses originate from the third bus stop. This is because the bus originating from the first stop will stop at the third stop as well.

3 buses can be boarded from the fourth bus stop which means that (3-3 = 0) buses originate from the fourth bus stop. This is because the buses originating from the first and second stop will stop at the fourth stop as well.

So the final vector would be: [1 2 3 0].

Note:

The given vector uses 1-based indexing.
Input Format:
The first line of input contains a single integer 'T', representing the number of test cases or queries to be run. 
Then the 'T' test cases follow.

The first line of each test case contains a single integer 'N' representing the length of the vector.

The second line of each test case contains 'N' space-separated integers denoting the elements of the given vector.
Output Format:
For each test case, print 'N' integers denoting the number of buses originating from each bus stop from 1 to 'N'.

Note:

You are not required to print the expected output, it has already been taken care of. Just implement the function.
Constraints:
1 ≤ T ≤ 50
1 ≤ N ≤ 10^4
1 ≤ Ai ≤ 10^6

Time Limit : 1 sec 
Approach 1
  1. Use two nested loops for finding the answer.
  2. Use the outer loop for finding the final solution and the inner loop for subtracting the buses which do not start from that place.
  3. For each bus stop in the inner loop which is a divisor of the outer loop, subtract it from the number of buses in the inner loop.
  4. Go on doing this, till we traverse the whole array/list.
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