Vocabulary for Verbal Aptitude

Ranjul Arumadi
Last Updated: May 13, 2022

Introduction

In practically every competitive exam or online assessment for placements, vocabulary plays an important part in the English language section. Individual learning processes influence our vocabulary.

 

Are you preparing Aptitude for your next interview? Check out our Aptitude Preparation guided path.

 

In everyday life, vocabulary demands more and more practice.  In this blog, we will be discussing vocabulary for verbal aptitude along with synonyms and antonyms.

What is important in vocabulary:

Some principles to note for improving your vocabulary for verbal aptitude are:

 

Principle 1: The labor of memorizing a word's meaning accounts for 90% of the time.

Principle 2: Meanings are better remembered through experience and frequent usage.

Principle 3: You'll have to condense 20 years of experience into six months. (20 years of understanding your mother tongue vs six months studying for your English examinations.)

Principle 4: The power of learning through synonyms and antonyms.

 

Note: Synonyms are words that are similar in meaning, not the same. Antonyms are words opposite in meaning to another. We will be discussing them in detail, in the later section of this blog.

Vocab-Root Words

Knowing root words is a simple method to expand your vocabulary for verbal aptitude. These words are part of the layer words category. Root words have a special significance, and they might appear in the middle of a word, at the beginning of a word, or at the end of a word. When the root word appears at the beginning of a word, it is known as a prefix. When the root word appears at the end of the word, it is known as a suffix.

 

We can learn a lot of words by knowing just one root word.

 

Let’s learn some words along with their root words.

Words with root word MAL :(MAL = BAD & EVIL)

Maladroit = Clumsy; awkward; inept ( not efficient ) & (Adroit = skill)

Malady = Sickness; diseases

Malapert = Ill-bred; impudent, ( Ill-bred = not well mannered)

Malapropos = Inappropriate; Not fitting

Malapropism = Humorous misuse of words

Malaria = A disease carried by a mosquito

Malcontent = Rebellious; discontented; bad-tempered; a person who is not happy

Malediction = Slander; curse

Malefaction = An evil deed

Malefactor = One who commits an evil deed; evildoer

Malevolent = Wishing evil to others

Malevolence = Wishing evil to others

Malevolence = the state of wishing evil to others; ill will; the viciousness

Malfeasance = Evil conduct; especially by a public official

Malice = Ill-will as, “with malice toward none”; something terrible; something negative

Malicious = Full of ill-will; full of malice

Malpractice = Professional misconduct; something wrong

Malignant = Injurious; extremely evil; tending to produce death

Malign = to utter slander of; to defame unjustly; to speak badly about someone

Maliferous = Disease bringing; productive of evil

 

Words with root word OMNI:(OMNI = ALL)

Omniana = Bits of information from everywhere

Omnibus = A conveyance for all; providing transportation for many

Omnicompetent = Legally competent in all matters

Omnicorporeal = Including all bodies

Omnifarious = Of all sorts; of many varieties

Omnify = Enlarge; make universal

Omnigenous = Of all types of kinds

Omnigraph = A device for teaching radiotelegraphs operators

Omniumgatherum = A collection of all things, people

Omnimeter = Instrument for measuring all angles

Omnimodous = Of every kind

Omnipotent = All-powerful; having

Omniscient = All-knowing; having a complete understanding

Omnist = A believer in all religious

Omnipresent = Present everywhere; ubiquitous

Omnivorous = Eating everything; taking in everything.

Omnium = Total; as, my omnium

 

Words with root word MAGNI:(MAGNI = BIG OR GREAT)

Magnify = Make great; intensify

Magnific = Magnificent; made great

Magnificence = Splendor; richness; greatness

Magnitude = Physical greatness; bigness; quality

Magnifico = A person of high rank

Magnificative = Tending to magnify; to make great

Frequently asked Words

 

Here are some frequently asked words in aptitude tests conducted by companies. Getting familiar with these words will help you in improving your vocabulary for verbal aptitude tests.

 

1. Refurbished:

Meaning - made to look new again by work such as painting, repairing, and cleaning:

Usage in a sentence -

  • The newly refurbished building is across the street from the hotel.
  • The company offers refurbished machines at low prices.

 

2. Effeminacy:

Meaning - the state of behaving, looking like, or having qualities similar to a woman:

Usage in a sentence -

  • The "effeminacy" attributed to her work is not a sign of her gender but cultural taste.
     

3. Vindicate:

Meaning - to prove that what someone said or did was right or true, after other people thought it was wrong

Usage in a sentence -

  • The decision to include Rahul in the team was wholly vindicated when he scored three goals.
  • The investigation vindicated her complaint about the agency.

 

4. Deteriorate:

Meaning- to become worse:

Usage in a sentence -

  • Sam was taken to hospital last month when his condition suddenly deteriorated.

 

5. Discreet:

Meaning- careful not to cause embarrassment or attract too much attention, especially by keeping something secret:

Usage in a sentence-

  • The family made discreet enquiries about his background before fixing the marriage.

Introduction to Synonyms and Antonyms:

A synonym is a word or phrase with the same or nearly the same meaning in the same language as another word or phrase.

 

A word opposite in meaning to another (e.g. bad and good ) is called an antonym.

 

Getting familiar with a lot of new words, their synonyms and antonyms will help in improving your vocabulary for verbal aptitude.

Example:

Synonyms of fast:

  • Speedy
  • Quick
  • Swift
  • Rapid
  • Lively
  • Fast-moving
  • Accelerated
  • Apace
  • Snappily

 

Antonyms of fast:

  • Slow
  • Sluggish
  • Unhurried
  • Tardy

 

Some words with their meanings, synonyms, and antonyms:

 

Word

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

FragileEasily broken or damaged
  • delicate
  • frail
  • strong
DauntlessShowing fearlessness and determination.
  • Bold
  • Brave
  • Timid
PoignantEvoking a keen sense of sadness or regret
  • emotional 
  • moving.
  • Unemotional
QuintessentialRepresenting the most perfect or typical example of a quality or class.
  • archetypal
  • low-grade
FlamboyantLikely to attract attention.
  • flashy
  • modest

 

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. What are root words?

A root word is a word or word part that forms the basis of new words through the addition of prefixes and suffixes. Getting familiar with more words will help you improve your vocabulary for verbal aptitude tests conducted by companies. 

Examples of root words: act, ego, form, phobia, etc.

2. How can I improve my vocabulary?

Some ways to improve your vocabulary are by developing a reading habit, playing word games, using flashcards, using a dictionary, etc. Consistent practice and dedication will help you in improving your vocabulary for verbal aptitudes.

 

3. What is the difference between affect and effect?

‘Affect’ is a verb, it means to influence. ‘Effect’ is a noun;  it means result.

 

4. What is the importance of having a good vocabulary?

Vocabulary is the ultimate expression; having a large vocabulary will enable you to express yourself clearly and communicate effectively. A linguistic vocabulary is also identical to a mental vocabulary, allowing you to think concisely and precisely. Consistent practice and dedication will help you in improving your vocabulary for verbal aptitudes.

Key Takeaways

Developing vocabulary for verbal aptitude is key in performing well for aptitude tests. Vocabulary can be improved in various ways starting from reading newspapers to playing word games. Vocabulary is the ultimate expression; having a large vocabulary will enable you to express yourself clearly and communicate effectively. A linguistic vocabulary is also identical to a mental vocabulary, allowing you to think concisely and precisely.

 

Want to practice with word meanings?. Check this out. Read about The Importance Of Aptitude Development for Placements to get better insights on aptitude preparation.

 

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