Cause and Effect

Mandla Dharani
Last Updated: May 13, 2022

Introduction:

The main aim of cause and effect questions is to derive the relationship between two given statements. The relationship that needs to be tested is whether the statement is causally related to each other. This means we need to find out whether one of the statements is a direct cause of the other or conversely whether one of the statements is a direct effect of the other.

 

Cause can be defined as the thing that give rise to the phenomenon or action.

 

Effect is a change which is a result or consequence of an action or other cause.

 

Types of Causes:

We have three different types of causes,

1. Immediate cause: 
It immediately precedes the effect. This cause shares the closest proximity with the effect with relation to time. 

 

2. Principal cause: 

The most important reason behind the effect. The immediate cause can be the principal cause and vice versa. 

 

3. Independent cause: 

There is no relationship between the cause and the given effect.

 

Based on the cause and effect relationship we can easily find the relation between the given statements in the questions.

 

Type 1 Questions:

 

The cause is an event that leads to another event, which in turn is called the effect of the triggering event. 

If there is a sequence of events, the event which is an effect shall always be preceded by an event which was its triggering cause event.

 

Now let’s see the examples in this topic. It is one of the most important topic that is asked in many aptitude tests. Let’s explore, them..!!!!

 

Example: 

1. The Australian Cricket Team worked hard for four years to rebuild itself after all the key senior players retired.

2. The Australian team won the Cricket World cup after their consistent efforts. 

3. The Australian team reached number 1 ranking after the huge success. 

 

Solution:

If we consider statements 1 and 2, we can clearly see that statement 2 is the result of statement 1. Hence, statement 1 is the cause for the effect in statement 2. Similarly, if statements 2 and 3 are analyzed in a pair, you will see that statement 2 was the cause for the effect in statement 3. 

 

So from the above example we can define as, any particular statement may play the role of both cause and effect, depending on the other statements in whose respect this particular statement is being analyzed.

 

Example:

  1. Standard of living among the middle class society is constantly going up since part of few years.
  2. Indian Economy is observing remarkable growth.

 

Solution:

 

Here Statement 1 is the cause and 2 is the effect. Since the standard of living among the middle class society is constantly going up so Indian Economy is observing remarkable growth.

 

Now let’s see another set of problems in cause and effect.

 

Type 2 Questions:

 

In a cause and effect question, the cause is the sufficient condition. It is assumed that the sufficient condition of the occurrence of the events must include the different necessary conditions as well. A necessary condition is one that must be satisfied for the occurrence of an event.

 

Example:

 Being human is sufficient for being a mammal

 

Solution:

 

The act of being a human is not possible unless one is also a mammal. But it is not necessary that being human is a necessary condition for being a mammal.

 

Example:

You must adhere to the deadline to get your work appraised

 

Solution:

This means if you get your work appraised you have to adhere to the deadline. Or, if you do not adhere to the deadline, you do not get your appraised. A condition is called a sufficient condition if in a certain event, you are satisfied with the results. 

 

Now let’s analyze how the questions will be framed and answered in cause and effect type problems,

Format of Cause and Effect questions:

In most of cause and effect problems there will be given five different options that are mostly confusing they are:

 

(a) If statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.

(b) If statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect. 

(c) If both the statements I and II are independent causes. 

(d) If both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes. 

(e) If both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

 

From these statements we need to pick one right option, so let’s see some examples for more clarity.

 

Example:

 

The staff of Airport Authorities called off the strike they were observing in protest against privatization.

The staff of Airport Authorities went on strike anticipating a threat to their jobs.

 

A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.

B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.

C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes.

D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.

E. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

 

Solution:

 

Here the answer is option D because Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.

 

Example:

  1. Importance of Yoga and exercise is being realized by all sections of the society.
  2. There is an increasing awareness about health in the society particularly among middle ages group of people.

 

A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.

B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.

C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes.

D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.

E. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

 

Solution:

 

Here the answer is option B, As the awareness about health in the society is increasing particularly among middle-aged group of people, the importance of Yoga and exercise is being realized by all sections of the society.

 

Frequently asked questions:

  1. What is the example of cause and effect question?

 

Cause and effect is the relationship between two things when one thing makes something else happen. For example, if we eat too much food and do not exercise, we gain weight. Eating food without exercising is the “cause;” weight gain is the “effect.

 

  1. What is cause and effect reasoning?

 

When examining events, people naturally seek to explain why things happened. This search often results in cause and effect reasoning, which asserts or denies that one thing causes another, or that one thing is caused by another.

  1. What is cause and effect diagram?

 

A Cause-and-Effect Diagram is a tool that helps identify, sort, and display possible causes of a specific problem or quality characteristic. It graphically illustrates the relationship between a given outcome and all the factors that influence the outcome.

 

  1. Is cause and effect deductive reasoning?

 

Deductive reasoning implies a general rule; an event is a guaranteed conclusion. An outcome may be deduced based on other arguments, which may determine a cause-and-effect relationship.

 

Key Takeaways:

In this blog we explored different types of causes followed by different types of cause and effect problems. We also analyzed how to solve cause and effect problems in simpler way. Practising these aptitude problems will increase your confidence and boosts your skill during your examination. You can check the guided paths for all types of problems here.

 

Happy learning..!!

 

By Dharani Mandla
 

 

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