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Alpha and Beta Testing

Vibhor Bhatnagar
Last Updated: May 13, 2022
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Introduction

This blog will mainly discuss two of the software testing types, ie. Alpha testing and Beta testing. Before jumping on this alpha and beta testing, let's first understand what testing is,

Software testing is the evaluation procedure and verification of the working of the software product or the application. Both alpha and beta testing are the types of acceptance testing which is the final stage of software testing. Now, talking about acceptance testing, it is the type of testing which is used to verify whether the whole system is working as it is intended to work or not.

Alpha testing tests the software or the product to ensure the software meets all the requirements and functions correctly.

Beta testing is the testing of the software or the product to check/test the product for the deployment of the software in real life.

Now, let's discuss alpha testing and beta testing in detail.

Alpha Testing

Alpha testing is the user testing on the application to understand the user behavior and experience on the application or the product. Functional testing on the application or the product is not involved in the alpha testing. Alpha testing is mainly conducted to reveal the bugs that may arise due to abrupt errors that the users create. Alpha testing validates the quality state of the software in minimal time and finally propounds a build that procures the required specifications. Alpha testing can be a white box or black box testing that depends on the particular lab environment and the simulation of the actual environment needed for this testing.

Now, let's discuss the process of alpha testing.

Process of Alpha Testing

There is a total of 6 steps being followed by the alpha testing.

 These steps are as follows:- 

  1. Review the requirements
    In this step, all the functions requirements and the specification's design are being reviewed.
     
  2. Development of Test
    It is based on the result of the review of the requirements. In this step, the test cases are being developed and a test plan is being prepared.
     
  3. Execution of the test cases
    In this step, we execute the test cases and the test plan.
     
  4. Defects logging
    In this step, we log the detected bugs found in the application or the product.
     
  5. Fixing the Bug
    We have to fix the bugs in this step after identifying and logging the bugs.
     
  6. Retesting
    Retesting is done after fixing and solving the issues and the bugs found in the application or the product.

Entry and Exit Condition for Alpha Testing

Entry Condition

It is a set of conditions that are required so that alpha testing can be started.

  1. All features are complete and tested (no urgent bugs).
  2. High-priority bugs on primary platforms have been fixed/verified.
  3. 50% of the minimum bugs on significant platforms have been fixed/verified.
  4. All of the features have been thoroughly tested on key platforms.
  5. The performance has been assessed and compared to prior versions (user function).
  6. Feedback & Usability Testing (ongoing).

 

Exit Condition

It is a set of required conditions so that alpha testing can be completed.

  1. Obtain responses/feedback from customers.
  2. Make a report of any major flaws.
  3. Notify the developers of any bug-fixing concerns.

Advantages of Alpha Testing

  1. This testing provides you with an early indication of the software's quality.
  2. It helps in the detection of bugs that may represent a major danger.
  3. The user's and the environment's real-time behavior is simulated during this testing.
  4. It helps in the delivery of high-quality software for beta testing.

Beta Testing

Beta testing is one of the final steps in our software development lifecycle before the product, or the software goes live. Beta testing is also referred to as testing of the user or the validation of the customer. The beta testing aims to ensure that the end-users are satisfied with the software or the product before making it generally available. Beta testing is performed by the real users of the software or the application in a real-life environment. It is the type of user acceptance testing. It helps reduce the risks of failure and increases the quality of the product. Beta testing commonly uses black-box testing. It does not require a testing environment because it is conducted out in the user's local environment. It is performed by clients who are not employees of the company.

Now, let's discuss the process of Beta testing.

Process of Beta Testing

There is a total of 6 steps being followed by the beta testing. 

These steps are as follows:- 

  1. Identify and Select the Target Platform - We choose the appropriate platforms for testing the software product in this step. To get our product beta tested, we select from various operating systems and devices.
     
  2. Invite Beta Testers - The most important step is to invite and carefully choose beta participants. Ideally, we should start with 200-300 beta testers to receive more input and recommendations for product enhancement. 
     
  3. Distribute the Beta Testers - Now that we have compiled a list of beta testers, it's time to send them an invitation using the appropriate distribution mechanism. We can choose the tool that best meets our needs. Testflight, Google Play Developer Console, Crashlytics (Fabric), and more tools are available.
     
  4. Collect Feedback - Now that end customers have evaluated our product, it is time to get feedback. Feedback might be good or negative, depending on the beta testers' prior experience with our product.
     
  5. Evaluate and Iterate - Iterate the product based on the comments and ideas from the participants so that it is ready to give the optimal customer experience.
     
  6. Reward Beta Testers - We should compensate testers with promised rewards because they have given you their important time and input. Coupons, discounts, promo codes, deals, and other forms of rewards are all possible.

Entry and Exit Condition for Beta Testing

Entry Condition

It is a set of conditions that are required so that beta testing can be started.

  1. Positive feedback from alpha sites.
  2. Customer bugs discovered during alpha testing have been fixed.
  3. There are no such fatal faults that can damage the software's operation.
  4. The secondary platform compatibility testing is finished.
  5. Regression testing for the hug fixes has been carried out.
  6. Beta sites are ready for installation.

 

Exit Condition

It is a set of conditions that are required so that beta testing can be completed.

  1. Collect comments and input from beta testers.
  2. Make a list of all major bugs.
  3. Notify the developers of any bug-fixing concerns.

Advantages of Beta Testing

  1. It adds another degree of testing/product validation to the product's development lifecycle.
  2. It aids in detecting unanticipated mistakes that the in-house QA team fails to detect.
  3. A wide group of consumers frequently carries out this sort of testing. This significantly broadens the field of testing.
  4. It is usually less expensive than alpha testing.

Difference between Alpha Testing and Beta Testing

FAQs

  1. What is the significance of a computer network?
    Have you heard of the Internet, sometimes referred to as the NET? I think you came upon this CodeStudio blog by surfing the web. Have you thought about the Internet? Computer networks have become a crucial part of our lives and technical interviews because the Internet links all network-enabled devices and allows them to share data and information.
     
  2. What comes first Alpha or Beta?
    Alpha testing is performed first, and the company's internal employees perform it. After that, Beta testing is performed, which is performed by real-world users.
     
  3. What is black box testing?
    Black Box Testing is a software testing approach that tests the functionality of software applications without knowing the internal code structure, implementation details, or internal routes. Black Box Testing is totally based on software requirements and standards, and it primarily focuses on the input and output of software applications. It is also known as Behavioral Testing.

Key takeaways

In this article, we discussed what alpha and beta testing are, and we have also discussed how alpha and beta testing is performed. We have discussed the entry and exit conditions for alpha and beta testing. I hope you must have gained some insight into this topic of alpha and beta testing and if you want to learn more, you can refer to the Software Engineering guided path.

You can refer to our guided paths on Codestudio to learn more about DSA, Competitive Programming, JavaScript, System Design, etc. Enroll in our courses and refer to the mock test and problems; look at the interview experiences and interview bundle for placement preparations.

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