All about Domain name and Web Hosting
Are you confused between the terms Domain and Hosting? Many people experience this idea, and some don't even realize they're different things. This is primarily due to the fact that a domain name and web hosting are both necessary to set up a website. They are, however, not the same thing. In this post, we'll dive deep into domain and hosting, explain how they function, and how they vary from one another.
Domain names are an essential component of the Internet infrastructure. They give a human-readable address for every accessible web server on the internet. To put it another way, if your website were a building, your domain name would be its address.
A public IP address can be used to connect to any Internet-connected machine.
Computers can readily handle such addresses, but individuals have difficulty determining who runs the server or what service the website provides. IP addresses are difficult to memorize and may vary over time.
To tackle all of these issues, we employ human-readable addresses known as domain names.
Structure of a Domain Name
Domain names are usually divided into two or three sections, separated by a dot. The identifiers in domain names are read from most general to most particular when read right to left. The top-level domain is the part of a domain name to the right of the final dot (TLD).
The second-level domain (2LD) is to the left of the TLD, and anything to the left of the 2LD is known as the third-level domain (3LD).
It is not required to have three labels to construct a domain name; for instance, even a domain name like: www.abc.ed.ac.in would be a valid domain name.
Securing a Domain Name
There's a common misconception floating around that one can "buy a domain name". This isn't the case and has a straightforward logic behind it. If every domain name was purchased, the web would rapidly become clogged with unused domain names that were locked and could not be used by anybody.
The simple workaround for this is that, instead, you pay for the right to use a domain name for a period of time. You have the option to renew your right, and your renewal takes precedence over other people's applications. However, you never own the domain name.
Domain name registries are used by companies known as registrars to maintain track of technical and administrative information related to your domain name. Once a domain name has been registered with a registrar, that registrar is responsible for alerting the registrant when their domain is due to expire and providing them with the opportunity to renew, ensuring they do not lose their domain name.
Web hosting is the storage location for your website's content files. A simple analogy to understand this would be: If your domain name is the address of your home, web hosting is the real home to which that address refers. Web hosting is required for all websites on the internet. While you could technically host an actual server for your website at home, using a web hosting service provider has several advantages.
Web hosts rent out their services and technology to others to host websites on the internet. Users can reach your website after being hosted by the hosting firm by entering your web address (domain name) in their web browser. When users do this, their computer connects to the server that hosts your website. In turn, the server serves (sends the files you've saved on the storage to show) the website to your visitor in their web browser.
Choosing the right web hosting package
There are several web hosting solutions today. To determine which one is best for your needs, ask yourself the following questions: What type of website do you want to host online—a blog, an e-commerce portal, a portfolio website, etc. How much web traffic do you anticipate, and how robust the infrastructure necessary to host your website should be.
If you can figure out the answers to these questions, it will determine the following factors: The bandwidth and the storage space needed, the amount you are willing to spend, etc.
Choosing the right web hosting provider
If you've figured out your needs, this makes the process of selecting a provider relatively easier. You can compare the performance of various providers based on the metrics that matter the most to you. Additionally, you can determine how credible your prospective web host provider is. A way to assess their credibility could be the number of years in the industry, online reviews and testimonials, the size of their customer base.
Types of Web Hosting
There are various methods to host your website, and some might suit you better than others.
- Shared Hosting
This is the ideal option to start with if you're starting with an online venture or something simple as blog writing. Since the server space is shared with other websites, this is the most affordable hosting option. The drawback is that, as you share resources with other websites, an overload with any other shared website will slow your website down.
- WordPress Hosting
This is the obvious option for the ones who have a WordPress website. The WordPress hosting package is particularly tailored for WordPress websites.
- VPS Hosting
VPS[Virtual Private Server] hosting may be thought of as a more powerful, sophisticated version of shared hosting. Although you share a server with other websites, you are given resources not shared by the others.VPS hosting is ideal for those with extensive server administration knowledge. This allows for a lot of versatility when it comes to running web programs intended for those systems.
- Dedicated Hosting
Dedicated hosting means you have complete control over the whole server. It provides you with the same level of access as a VPS, but you are not required to share the server with other websites. Only very demanding enterprise-grade websites are suitable for this high-end web hosting.
- Cloud Hosting
Cloud hosting is the most recent type of hosting to hit the market, and its popularity has surged in recent years. A network of interconnected web servers is used in this type of hosting to create a cost-effective, scalable, and secure online infrastructure. Cloud hosting services frequently feature unmetered, consistent bandwidth as well as an infinite amount of disc space for an unlimited number of domains, which is why so many large corporations are migrating to the cloud.
Domain name vs Web hosting
Although domain names and web hosting are two separate entities, they are closely linked. To make a website, you'll need a domain name and a web hosting account. This implies you won't be able to create a website without at least one of them.
Frequently Asked Questions
- What is more important: Domain name or Web hosting?
This isn't much of a comparison as both these things serve different purposes and are both essential components of a website.
- Why choose paid hosting when there are free hosting options?
You may experience issues such as unwanted advertising on your page and their domain name in your URL if you choose free hosting. You have complete control over the content on your website when you pay for web hosting.
In this post we discussed, domain name and web hosting in detail. We had a look at the various web hosting options available and how to choose the one that's best for your use.
By: Pratyksh Sarda