The two of the most popular web development frameworks – React and Angular.
React has gained popularity recently but Angular is not much behind and has an active community of developers around the world. What you should choose for your next project?
Let’s discuss the main difference between React vs Angular.
React was developed by Facebook and Angular was developed by Google. Both have gained quite a popularity and adaptation among the industries.
2. React – An Overall Preview
Though it is a library not a complete framework in itself, it has certainly recommended toolchains such as Create React App for creating single-page applications.
Next.js framework for the server-rendered website and Gatsby for the static content-oriented website. These toolchains provide you with all the framework needs based on it with boilerplate code.
The component-based architecture was introduced by React as its paradigm of development. It focused on breaking down the UI into reusable components. These components are built individually and then assembled.
It helps you reduce the redundancy of code by the use of reusable components. This architecture promotes collaboration and is easy to maintain. It is used for the View part of MVC architecture.
3. Angular – All You Need to Know
Angular initially came as Angularjs which is also commonly known as Angular 1.x. The most recent angular version angular 11.
The Angular we know today came first in 2016 by the Angular team at Google. It is open-source and popularly used in the industry.
4. Architecture– React Vs Angular
Both support component-based architecture. Component-based architecture decomposes the design into logical components.
These logical components represent well-defined interfaces containing methods, events, and properties. It divides larger problems into subproblems.
React uses virtual DOM while Angular uses real DOM. Generally, virtual DOM is faster but the change detection algorithm of Angular DOM makes the performance comparable with virtual DOM.
React is a UI library that relies heavily on third-party libraries and would require the same to scale. It is possible to make scalable and maintainable architecture.
Angular is a complete framework packed with all the tools. There is no third party reliance. The development is faster in react as compared to angular.
- Learning Curve of React vs Angular
As both React and Angular are to build single-page applications, web developers think the learning curve of React is higher than that of Angular.
The data flow control in React makes it simple and easily modifiable as the project gets complex. Whereas Angular two-way flow makes it complex for big projects.
It is clear the community of React is vast and growing faster than ever.
5. Differences Between React vs Angular
|It supports virtual DOM.||It uses real DOM with change detection algorithm.|
|It requires different tools to be integrated to perform testing and debugging.||Angular testing and debugging can be done with a single tool.|
|It uses one-way data binding, meaning the UI state will only change when the model state will be updated.||Angular uses two-way data binding means UI state automatically changes whenever any change is made.|
|In React, updates are simple because of scripts.||Angular updates are made every six months which gives some time to migrate the changes.|
|It takes a longer time in the installation process but faster in product development.||In Angular, setup is faster but development takes more time.|
|Top Companies using it are Facebook, Uber, Instagram, Netflix, and more.||Angular is used by companies like Beam, Mesh, Wepay, Auto Trader, Nike, etc.|
|Github stars of React are 180K and 30.4K forks.||Angular has 80.4K Github stars and 48.2K forks.|
6. Frequently Asked Questions
As per the 2020 Google trends, it is more popular than Angular according to the number of searches made on Google. The popularity of both has grown equally in past years. People have shown more interest in Angular in the past year because of its capability to do wonders. So, till now both are equally popular.
Yes, Google AdWords uses Angular. But Google does not use React.
At first, React looks easier to learn as it roams around HTML elements. But when it comes to the difficult part, it becomes difficult. On the other hand, Angular seems difficult in the start but is easier than React later.
Both are best in their respective ways as both are flexible and scalable. But when it comes to complicated applications, Angular will be the best choice.
Advantages of React include:
-It is easy to learn.
-It gives a better user experience and has fast performance.
-It allows the use of third party libraries and saves time
-The code is stable with one-way data binding.
-It gives you the freedom to choose architecture for apps.
-It has a Virtual DOM.
Advantages of Angular include:
-The syntax is cleaner.
-Built-in support for AJAX,HTTP.
-A large community of developers
-It is a complete framework.
-It uses two-way data binding.
Disadvantages of Angular:
-The documentation is not clear.
-Integration with 3rd party libraries is a difficult task.
-It sometimes becomes slow.
Disadvantages of React:
-Integration of React with MVC frameworks requires complex configuration
-It demands deep knowledge of integration techniques with MVC frameworks.
7. Conclusion– React vs Angular
Angular and React both have emerged drastically and created a great impact on application development.
In the end, it depends upon the complexity of the application and the tech stack of the team to develop the application.
You can take the curated course MERN STACK – Reactjs and Nodejs to learn full-stack development.